HBAR (ℏ)

Incredibly fast. Predictably low fees. Finality in seconds.

HBAR economics paper

Dual role of HBAR

HBAR is the native cryptocurrency of the Hedera public network. Hbars are used to power decentralized applications, build peer-to-peer payment and micropayment business models, and protect the network from malicious actors.
Network fuel

Developers use hbars to pay for network services, such as running a smart contract, storing a file, or transferring cryptocurrency. For each transaction submitted to the network, hbars are used to compensate network nodes for bandwidth, compute, and storage.

Developers can incorporate hbars into applications to facilitate peer-to-peer payments and micropayment (<$0.01) business models.

Network protection

Hedera’s proof-of-stake public network uses hbars, which are staked or proxy staked (coming soon) to a network node, to weight votes on transactions when reaching consensus.

Weighted voting with hbars makes it difficult and expensive for a bad actor to maliciously affect consensus — it would require them to own and stake over one-third of the network’s total supply of cryptocurrency, which will not be possible for the first 5 years.

The 3rd generation public ledger

Bitcoin pioneered decentralized infrastructure and Ethereum brought programmability. But earlier proof-of-work blockchains consume massive amounts of energy and process transactions slowly in order to achieve acceptable levels of security. Heavy bandwidth consumption by these technologies leads to expensive fees, even for a simple cryptocurrency transaction.

The Hedera proof-of-stake public network, powered by hashgraph consensus, achieves the highest-grade of security possible (ABFT), with blazing-fast transaction speeds and incredibly low bandwidth consumption. By combining high-throughput, low fees, and finality in seconds, Hedera leads the way for the future of public ledgers.

Transactions
per second

average
fee

transaction
confirmation

1st
Generation

Bitcoin

BTC

3+

TPS

$0.20

usd2

10-60

minutes

2nd
Generation

Ethereum

ETH

12+

TPS

$0.13

usd3

10-20

seconds

3rd
Generation

Hedera

HBAR

10,000+

TPS1

$0.0001

usd

3-5

Seconds

(w/finality)

1. Cryptocurrency transactions. For Hedera, range shown for transactions not requiring a transaction record, but can receive a transaction receipt.

2. Avg. Bitcoin tx fee from 9/26/18 - 3/26/19 from https://bitcoinfees.info/

3. Avg. Ethereum tx fee from 9/26/18 - 3/26/19 from https://blockchair.com/ethereum/charts/average-transaction-fee-usd/

The HBAR advantage

Incredible throughput
The Hedera network achieves 10,000 HBAR cryptocurrency transactions per second, in a single shard and on-ledger, without compromising on network security or stability.
Predictably low fees
Hashgraph consensus is incredibly lightweight, allowing for the cost per HBAR transaction to be very small — around $0.0001 USD. In combination with high throughput, micropayments using HBAR is a practical reality.
Finality in seconds
Never wait for block confirmations again. HBAR transactions achieve finality, on-ledger, within three to five seconds. Be confident in payment settlements and offer modern digital experiences within your application.

Decentralized applications

Applications and microservices that use a public ledger provide greater transparency and trust than ever before. This makes entirely new things possible, like a music streaming service paying artists directly or a disintermediated ad network that doesn't require audits. A fairer, more secure, digital future is being decentralized on Hedera. Make it yours.

Network metrics

TRANSACTIONS Number of transactions processed by the network in the 24 hours prior to last metrics update.

143,859
PER DAY

LATENCY Time for a transaction to reach finality once submitted to the network. Averaged over 15 minutes prior to last metrics update.

2.01
SECONDS TO FINALITY

PRICE Volume weighted average of market pair prices at the time of the last metrics update.

$0.034867
USD

CIRCULATING Number of coins that are circulating in the market and in the general public's hands.

804,776,687
HBAR

TOTAL SUPPLY Maximum number of coins that will ever exist.

50B
HBAR

Last metrics update: November 12, 2019 at 16:00 UTC

Ecosystem

HBAR is used to power decentralized applications, enable payments and micropayments, reward nodes for compute and storage, and protect the network from malicious actors.

Ecosystem

HBAR is used to power decentralized applications, enable payments and micropayments, reward nodes for compute and storage, and protect the network from malicious actors.
End users and proxy stakers
Developers and end users can purchase hbars from third-party companies and platforms, such as exchanges, that have chosen to integrate into the ecosystem. Once a user has hbars they can use the cryptocurrency to purchase goods and services, and pay application transaction fees. Those with hbars can proxy stake (coming soon) them to a Hedera network node — proxy staking will maintain the security and integrity of Hedera’s network operations, while earning the proxy staker a small share of transaction fees.
Applications
Applications run on the Hedera public network. Developers pay transaction fees in HBAR cryptocurrency for each API call, to reward the network for processing transactions.
EXCHANGES
Exchanges, in some markets, can be used by application developers, end users, and Hedera node operators to buy and sell HBAR cryptocurrency. Hedera does not control which exchanges support hbars.
HEDERA NETWORK
When the Hedera network receives a transaction from an application, it validates it, places it into consensus order, and gives it a timestamp. For each transaction, the submitting application pays the network a fee that is split between network nodes, the Hedera treasury, and HBAR proxy stakers (coming soon).
NETWORK NODES
Every Hedera mainnet node contributes to consensus and stores a copy of the public ledger’s state. Hedera mainnet nodes submit transactions to the network on behalf of applications and perform network service operations. This has associated costs of bandwidth, compute, and storage, for which the node receives HBAR as compensation. Node operators can sell the HBAR they’ve earned for other cryptocurrencies or FIAT through an exchange.

Buying guide

HBAR (ℏ) may be available for purchase by developers and users to build and utilise applications on the network.

HBAR may be available at the following exchanges and OTC desks*:

*Hedera does not control which exchanges support hbars and does not vouch for or endorse any exchange. This list is provided for information purposes only and may be incomplete.

Economics

The 15-year coin distribution schedule ensures protection of the Hedera proof-of-stake public network. A wide distribution of hbars achieves Hedera's vision of maximum decentralization at scale. Learn more about Hedera coin economics by downloading the Hbar economics whitepaper.

Proxy staking (coming soon)

Every node on Hedera’s proof-of-stake network has a weighted influence on consensus — that weight is proportional to the amount of hbars staked to a node. Proxy staking allows those who own hbars, but aren’t operating a node, to stake their hbars to someone else’s node. Earnings are split between the node operator and owners of the proxy staked hbars, earning the proxy staker a small share of transaction fees. When proxy staked, hbars are not locked-up or bonded, as is common in other networks, and proxy stakers retain the ability to transact their HBAR however they'd like.

HBAR FAQ

Found below are some of the most commonly asked questions about Hedera API fees. Please visit our full FAQ for the entire list of questions.

What is the total supply of HBAR coins?

Hedera has a fixed supply of 50 billion coins.

What are the official HBAR cryptocurrency denominations?

gigabar 1 Gℏ = 1,000,000,000 ℏ
megabar 1 Mℏ = 1,000,000 ℏ
kilobar 1 kℏ = 1,000 ℏ
hbar 1 ℏ = 1 ℏ
millibar 1,000 mℏ = 1 ℏ
microbar 1,000,000 μℏ = 1 ℏ
tinybar 100,000,000 tℏ = 1 ℏ

On which exchanges is HBAR available?

HBAR (ℏ) may be available for purchase by developers and users to build and utilise applications on the network at the exchanges and OTCs listed in the Buying Guide.

What does the ℏ symbol represent?

Our Hedera Hashgraph corporate logo is a bold, uppercase HBAR (Ħ), but our currency symbol is a lower case, italicized HBAR (ℏ). The written way to express Hedera cryptocurrency is hbars, and is equivalent to writing US dollars. It can also be expressed as HBAR, which is equivalent to writing USD.